Get new lessons, tips, and useful tools and resources:



WHITE Wine & Guided Wine Tasting Exercise

Lesson Goals:

    1. Know the characteristics of Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, and Chardonnay
    2. Know which to order in a restaurant when it comes to food pairing
    3. Identify your palate preference *

Executive Summary:

There are 3 white noble grapes, most commonly found internationally and capable of making the highest quality whites wines:


Lesson Preparation:

onlinewineschool wine splash border

White Wine Tasting

Recall the 3 steps to wine tasting: observe its appearance, smell its aroma, and taste, accessing various components on the palate. (Refer to wine tasting).

We will go through each step comparing these three types of white wines.


Arrange the three glasses of wines with Sauvignon Blanc on the left, Riesling in the middle and Chardonnay on the right.

White Wine Color Spectrum

Observe the color of each wine. Note that Sauvignon Blanc has the lightest color intensity, while Chardonnay has the deepest color intensity.

In addition, their colors are different shades of lemon. Sauvignon Blanc's is lemon-green, riesling possibly pale lemon, while chardonnay may be a medium lemon or pale gold.

Next tilt the glass, observe if there is any difference in color at the rim.


Do a quick clean check before giving the three wines a generous sniff. Start with Sauvignon Blanc, then Riesling, and finally Chardonnay.

On the Sauvignon Blanc, note the intense aroma. The nose feels "green" with notes of citrusy, grassy, goose-berry, and hints of elderflowers. If your bottle of Sauvignon Blanc comes from a warm climate, you may be able to pick up notes of melons.

Moving on to the Riesling, note that it is not as intense as Sauvignon Blanc on the nose. That is the character difference. Sauvignon Blanc is highly aromatic while riesling is more neutral (just like Gin and Vodka on the aroma). See if you can pick up notes of apples, peaches, limes, honeysuckle and or minerals.

On the Chardonnay, the nose should feel different. Most chardonnay are aged in oak, which gives it a vanilla, cedar, and possibly butterscotch and nutty aromas. Can you pick up underlying notes of lemon, green apples, and possibly melons?

The below figure compares and contrasts their aroma profile:

aroma white noble grapes


Give the three wines a good sip in the same order. Assess the key components: body, sweetness, alcohol, acidity, flavor intensity and length/ finish.

Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay should be dry. Is your Riesling dry or slightly sweet?

The below figure compares and contrasts the three noble grapes in color, palate, and pairing partners.

white noble grapes and their characteristics

Wine and Food Pairing Implications

Sauvignon Blanc, with high acidity, can be a perfet pairing partner for a diverse range of dishes. Its sharp acidity will cleanse your palate. Classic pairing includes shellfish (oysters, clams, shrimps), fish (best lightly grilled or poached), salad and a wide range of appetizers.

Similarly high in acidity but more well-rounded in body (medium body in most cases), Riesling can pair well with a diverse range of seafood, appetizers, and asian cuisine. Some regions make a slightly sweet version which can be a perfect pairing partner for sushi, curry, spicy Thai and Indian cuisine.

Chardonnay, often oaked, has the fullest body of the three white noble grapes. Chardonnay pairs well with buttery dishes, buttered scallop or pan-fried halibut for example. It also pairs well with many pasta dishes, as well as roasted pork. Avoid pairing a complex and oaked bottle of Chardonnay with raw shellfish.

Exploring Your Palate Preference:

It is important to know your palate so you won't buy a bottle you dislike nor order the wrong glass in the restaurant.

Of the three whites, which one is your favorite? Is there one you dislike?

Let's go one level deeper -- what is it that makes you prefer a particular white wine? Is it the high / low acidity? Is it the full / light body? Is it the fruit categories?

Remember the key characteristics of these three grapes. More importantly, understand what characteristics you appreciate in a wine.

Last but not least, do note that our appreciation of wine does change with time.. what we appreciate now may not be what we love later. Let's keep an open mind and continue exploring!

Next Lesson: Wine Label Decoded

Previous Lesson: 3 Must Know Red Wine Type